Why might someone need a genetic consultation?

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An individual might be referred for a genetic consultation, if someone is said to have higher risk of having a genetic illness. Genetic counselling is commonly referred to know pregnancy outcomes in terms of baby’s health.

Genetic counselling can be done for the following reasons, if the individual has

  • A personal or family history of genetic condition
  • A relative with genetic condition
  • Hereditary cancer
  • Chromosomal disorder
  • A genetic disorder treatment guide (if possible any)
  • Symptoms that indicate a possible genetic disorder (to get tested themselves and learn more about their condition)

People can consult a genetic counsellor to understand about pregnancy outcomes in the following cases:

  • Two or more pregnancy miscarriages, a stillbirth, or a baby who died
  • Parents who have a child with a genetic disorder
  • Pregnant women over age 34 or those who have an abnormal prenatal screening test or amniocentesis (It is a process in which amniotic fluid is sampled using a hollow needle inserted into the uterus, to screen for abnormalities in the developing fetus)
  • When planning for a pregnancy
  • To know a future unborn baby has any possibility of genetic disorders
  • To check if the genetic disorders that the parents are carrying will likely be passed to their offspring.

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